were beautiful, and they could not satisfy their
desire. They arose and took wives and begat sons, Hiwwa
and Hia. And 'Azael was master of varieties of ornaments
and kinds of adornments of women, which render men prone
to the thought of transgression.’"
To what is said in this last sentence we shall recur
again later .
It should be noticed that the 'Azael of the Midrash
is the 'Azrail of the Muhammadan legend.
It is impossible for any one to compare the Muhammadan
with the Jewish legend without perceiving that the former
is derived from the latter, not exactly word for word,
but as it was related orally. There are, however, some
interesting points in the Muhammadan form of the fable
which require attention before we investigate the question,
"Where did the Jews themselves learn the story?"
One of these points is the origin of the names Harut
and Marut. These angels are said to have had other names
originally, being called 'Azz and 'Azabi respectively
and the latter names are formed from roots common to
the Hebrew and the Arabic languages. In the Midrash
Yalkut, however, the angels that sinned are called Shemhazai
and 'Azael, whereas the Arabic legend says that 'Azrail,
though he did come down, accompanied Harut and Marut
as a third member of the party,