Ark & Its Contents
The Deity of the Lord Jesus Christ
Summary: The Ark
illustrates the Lord Jesus Christ's deity and humanity.
10 "Have them make a chest of acacia wood-- two and a half cubits long, a cubit
and a half wide, and a cubit and a half high.
11 Overlay it with pure gold, both inside and out, and make a gold molding
12 Cast four gold rings for it and fasten them to its four feet, with two rings
on one side and two rings on the other.
13 Then make poles of acacia wood and overlay them with gold.
14 Insert the poles into the rings on the sides of the chest to carry it.
15 The poles are to remain in the rings of this ark; they are not to be removed.
16 Then put in the ark the Testimony, which I will give you. Exodus 25:10-16 (NIV)
فيصنعون تابوتا من خشب السنط
طوله ذراعان ونصف وعرضه ذراع ونصف وارتفاعه ذراع ونصف.
وتغشّيه بذهب نقي . من داخل
ومن خارج تغشّيه . وتصنع عليه اكليلا من ذهب حواليه.
وتسبك له اربع حلقات من ذهب
وتجعلها على قوائمه الاربع . على جانبه الواحد حلقتان وعلى جانبه الثاني حلقتان.
وتصنع عصوين من خشب السنط
وتدخل العصوين في الحلقات
على جانبي التابوت ليحمل التابوت بهما .
تبقى العصوان في حلقات
التابوت . لا تنزعان منها .
وتضع في التابوت الشهادة
التي اعطيك. خروج ٢٥:١٠-١٦
Now, it is instructive that a piece of furniture?the Ark with
its covering?is described before the Tabernacle building itself. The reason for
this is that the Ark
is the starting point and central focus of the Tabernacle. In other words, everything was constructed and arranged with respect to the Ark of God and its
Mercy Seat. Also,
to point out in the clearest of terms the importance of the the Ark and Mercy
Seat, they were the only furnishings within the most holy place, the Holy of
The Ark is a gold-covered, wooden box that has rings at its four
corners to support the two poles that were used to move the Ark from place to place. The
box itself was acacia wood that was covered on the inside and outside with
Pure gold symbolizes what is divine; and, in this case,
it symbolizes the Deity of the Lord Jesus Christ.
In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and
the Word was God.
He was with God in the beginning.
Through him all things were made; without him nothing was made that has been
The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us. We have seen his glory,
the glory of the One and Only, who came from the Father, full of grace and
truth. John 1:1-3, 14 (NIV)
في البدء كان الكلمة والكلمة كان عند الله وكان الكلمة
هذا كان في البدء عند الله.
كل شيء به كان وبغيره لم يكن شيء مما
والكلمة صار جسدا وحلّ بيننا ورأينا مجده مجدا كما لوحيد من الآب مملوءا
نعمة وحقا. يوحنا ١:١-٣،١٤
The Deity of the Lord Jesus Christ is central to the God's plan
for redemption and relationship with the people of Israel. The Israelites, like
everyone else, were sinners who could not be blessed unless they were redeemed
by a vicarious sacrifice with infinite worth. So, the description of the
Tabernacle and its furniture begins with the Ark that symbolizes the person of
Lord Jesus Christ in His divine and human nature.
Acacia (Shittim) Wood
The acacia wood symbolizes the humanity of the Lord Jesus Christ
who was born of the Virgin Mary. It was through Mary that the Lord Jesus Christ
acquired a true human nature. The addition of a real human nature to His
deity did not
diminish or alter the fact of His divine person. As the second person of the blest
Trinity, the Son is always and unchangingly divine.
It was prophesized in the very beginning of the Holy Scriptures
that a woman's seed (a child born without the aid of man) would someday bruise
the head of Satan (destroy the power of the devil). Isaiah further prophesized
that this child would be virgin-born (Isaiah 7:14).
"The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and
they will call him Immanuel"?which means, "God with us." Matthew 1:23 (NIV)
هوذا العذراء تحبل
وتلد ابنا ويدعون اسمه عمانوئيل الذي تفسيره الله معنا متى١:٢٣
Since human nature had fallen through the sin of Adam and Eve,
it was necessary that a human being pay the penalty of sin. Although some other being, such as an angel, might have
paid the consequence of human sin, it would not have been an act between God and
humanity. Human nature had fallen through sin, and it needed to be elevated to
fellowship with All-Mighty God. This could only happen if a
human satisfied the holy righteousness of God. Since the Lord Jesus Christ has a
human nature, He could be the sacrificial Lamb of God.
The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him and said, "Look,
the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world! John 1:29 (NIV)
وفي الغد نظر يوحنا يسوع مقبلا اليه فقال هوذا حمل الله
الذي يرفع خطية العالم. يوحنا ١:٢٩
In addition, since the sin of Adam was against the Infinite One, God, it
necessary that the sacrifice itself have infinite value. Thus, the sacrifice for sin
had to be human as well as be divine. Divine so the sacrifice had infinite
value to satisfy God's infinite holiness, and human to pay the price for human
Jesus is sinless
It is interesting to note
that the Septuagint LXX translates of the Hebrew words, Acacia or Shittim wood,
with the Greek words, ξυλων ασηπτων 1 In
these words signify incorruptible wood. 2
This prefigures the sinless perfection of the Lord Jesus Christ. There is no
moral or spiritual corruption in Him.
Both the New Testament and the Qur'an state that the Lord Jesus Christ was sinless.
The Bible says,
He committed no sin, and no deceit was found in his mouth. 1 Peter 2:22 (NIV)
But you know that he appeared so that he might take away our sins. And in him is
no sin. 1 John 3:5 (NIV)
For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made
the righteousness of God in him. 2 Corinthians 5:21
يفعل خطية ولا وجد
في فمه مكر ١
وتعلمون ان ذاك أظهر لكي يرفع خطايانا وليس فيه
خطية. ١ يوحنا ٣:٥
لانه جعل الذي لم يعرف خطية خطية لاجلنا لنصير نحن بر الله فيه. ٢ كورنثوس ٥:٢١
The Qur'an says,
He said: "Nay, I am only a messenger from thy Lord, (to announce) to thee the
gift of a holy son. Maryam 19:19 (Yusuf Ali's translation)
أَنَا رَسُولُ رَبِّكِ لِأَهَبَ لَكِ غُلَامًا زَكِيًّا
سورة مريم ١٩:١٩
There were three object inside the Ark: the golden pot of manna, Aaron's rod that
budded, and the stone table of 10 commandments.
which had the golden altar of incense and the gold-covered ark of the
covenant. This ark contained the gold jar of manna, Aaron's staff that had
budded, and the stone tablets of the covenant. Hebrews 9:4 (NIV)
فيه مبخرة من ذهب وتابوت العهد مغشّى من كل جهة بالذهب الذي فيه قسط من ذهب فيه المنّ وعصا هرون التي افرخت ولوحا
العهد. العبرانيين ٩:٤
Manna simply means, What is it? It was the question that the
Israelites asked when they saw the manna on the ground that rested upon the
dew. Spiritually, the manna symbolizes the Lord Jesus Christ who is the divine
Bread who came down from the Father in glory to be the life of the world. So,
what is your response to the question, Who is the Lord Jesus? Do you
believe He is merely a great prophet of God like other impressive personages in
world history? Or, do you believe He is the divine Son of God who came from the
Father to give His life as a sacrifice for sin? Have you eaten the bread
from heaven? Your eternal destiny
hinges upon your response to this question.
I am the living bread that came down from heaven. If anyone eats of this bread,
he will live forever. This bread is my flesh, which I will give for the life of
the world." John 6:51 (NIV)
الخبز الحي الذي نزل من السماء. ان اكل احد من هذا الخبز يحيا الى الابد. والخبز
الذي انا اعطي هو جسدي الذي ابذله من اجل حياة العالم
This is the bread that came down from heaven. Your forefathers ate manna and
died, but he who feeds on this bread will live forever." John 6:58
هذا هو الخبز الذي نزل من السماء. ليس كما اكل آباؤكم المنّ وماتوا. من يأكل
هذا الخبز فانه يحيا الى الابد.
Aaron's staff that budded
Aaron's staff that budded was a miracle that demonstrated
God's acceptance and approval of the priesthood of Aaron. All the staffs were
dead and lifeless when they were initially placed before the LORD. But the next
day, Aaron's staff was alive, blossoming, and bearing almonds.
The next day Moses entered the Tent of the Testimony and saw that Aaron's staff,
which represented the house of Levi, had not only sprouted but had budded,
blossomed and produced almonds. Numbers 17:8 (NIV)
دخل موسى الى خيمة الشهادة واذا عصا هرون لبيت لاوي قد افرخت. اخرجت فروخا وازهرت
زهرا وانضجت لوزا. عدد ١٧:٥٨
This teaches us the glorious truth of the resurrection of the Lord Jesus Christ
whose grave is miraculously empty! He died upon the Cross, but He arose
from the grave! He is alive
in glory. His resurrection is the gospel testimony that the Lord Jesus Christ is the
living Son of God because He triumphed over the power of death.
the gospel he promised beforehand through his prophets in the Holy Scriptures
regarding his Son, who as to his human nature was a descendant of David,
and who through the Spirit of holiness was declared with power to be the Son of
God by his resurrection from the dead: Jesus Christ our Lord. Rom 1:2-4 (NIV)
الذي سبق فوعد به بانبيائه في الكتب
عن ابنه. الذي صار من نسل داود من جهة
وتعيّن ابن الله بقوة من جهة روح القداسة
بالقيامة من الاموات. يسوع المسيح ربنا رومية ١:٢-٤
The Ark is a symbol of the person of the Lord Jesus Christ who is both divine
(gold) and human (wood). Within in the Ark was Aaron's rod that symbolizes new
life from the dead. Do you have a new life in the Lord Jesus Christ through
faith in His shed blood? The staff that became alive and yielded almonds speaks
of the resurrection of Christ and fruit that His death would yield. Thankfully,
millions have turned from their sins and accepted the sacrificial Lamb of God
for their Savior. The Lamb who was slain is gloriously alive.
I tell you the truth, unless a kernel of wheat falls to the ground and dies, it remains only a single seed. But if it dies, it produces many seeds. John 12:24 (NIV)
الحق الحق اقول لكم ان لم
تقع حبة الحنطة في الارض وتمت فهي تبقى وحدها .ولكن ان ماتت تأتي بثمر كثير. يوحنا ١٢:٢٤
Millions of Muslims who go each year to visit the Masjid
an-Nabwi (the Prophets' mosque) with its green dome and 10 minarets to see the
Maksurah (tomb) where Muhammad's dry bones rest. Like the other staffs,
Muhammad's staff remains dead within the grave. He does not have power over
death or the grave like the Lord Jesus Christ.
Stone Tablets of the Covenant
The third object within the Ark were the stone tablets upon which were written
the ten commandments of God. Since the Ark symbolizes the Lord Jesus Christ, the
tablets within the Ark teaches us that the Lord Jesus Christ came to fulfill the
Law of God. To be the sacrificial Lamb of God, the Lord Jesus Christ must
fulfill the commandments of God and live a sinless life.
The LORD wrote on these tablets what he had written before, the Ten
Commandments he had proclaimed to you on the mountain, out of the fire, on the
day of the assembly. And the LORD gave them to me.
Then I came back down the mountain and put the tablets in the ark I had made,
as the LORD commanded me, and they are there now.
فكتب على اللوحين مثل الكتابة الاولى الكلمات العشر التي كلمكم بها
الرب في الجبل من وسط النار في يوم الاجتماع واعطاني الرب اياها.
ثم انصرفت ونزلت من الجبل ووضعت اللوحين في التابوت الذي
صنعت فكانا هناك كما امرني الرب. تثنية ١٠:٤-٥
In a broader context, the Lord Jesus came to fulfill the Law and the Prophets.
This goes beyond keeping the 10 commandments. Because keeping the
10 commandments is only a small part of fulfilling the Law and the Prophets.
The Prophets includes more than the words of Moses. More importantly, the Law and the Prophets promised a coming
Messiah who would come into the world to be a sin offering. The Lord Jesus
Christ must fulfill the entire Law and the Prophets, and the Law and the
Prophets require that the birth of the Messiah and His substitutionary sacrifice
for sins. For example, the Lord Jesus Christ had to fulfill the words of the
Prophet Isaiah that are written in Chapter 53 of his book.
"Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not
come to abolish them but to fulfill them. Matthew 5:17 (NIV)
لا تظنوا اني جئت لانقض الناموس او الانبياء .ما جئت لانقض بل لاكمّل .
Yet it was the LORD's will to crush him and cause him to suffer, and though the
LORD makes his life a guilt offering, he will see his offspring and prolong his
days, and the will of the LORD will prosper in his hand.
After the suffering of his soul, he will see the light [of life] and be
satisfied; by his knowledge my righteous servant will justify many, and he will
bear their iniquities.
Therefore I will give him a portion among the great, and he will divide the
spoils with the strong, because he poured out his life unto death, and was
numbered with the transgressors. For he bore the sin of many, and made
intercession for the transgressors. Isaiah 53:10-12 (NIV)
اما الرب فسرّ بان يسحقه بالحزن. ان جعل نفسه ذبيحة اثم يرى نسلا تطول
ايامه ومسرة الرب بيده تنجح.
من تعب نفسه يرى ويشبع. وعبدي البار بمعرفته يبرر كثيرين
وآثامهم هو يحملها.
لذلك اقسم له بين الاعزاء ومع العظماء يقسم غنيمة من اجل
انه سكب للموت نفسه وأحصي مع أثمة وهو حمل خطية كثيرين وشفع في المذنبين
In conclusion the objects within the Ark of the Covenant teach us that the Lord
Jesus Christ is the Bread of Life from heaven (manna), is risen with power over death
and the grave (Aaron's budding rod), and is sinless and the fulfillment of the Mosaic law and
all the Old
Testament prophets (tablets of stone). As the tablets of were inside the
Ark, so the Law was within the heart of the Lord Jesus Christ.
Then I said, "Here I am, I have come-- it is written about me in the scroll.
I desire to do your will, O my God; your law is within my heart." Psalms 40:7-8
حينئذ قلت هانذا جئت. بدرج الكتاب مكتوب عني
مشيئتك يا الهي سررت. وشريعتك في وسط احشائي
The Qur'an gives a passing mention to the relics or objects within the Ark of
the Covenant. Yet, it cannot offer any insight into the spiritual significance of these
items within the Ark.
And (further) their Prophet said to them: "A Sign of his authority is that there shall come to you the Ark of the covenant,
with (an assurance )
therein of security from your Lord, and the relics left by the family of Moses and the family of Aaron, carried by angels. In this is a symbol for you if ye indeed have
faith." al-Baqarah 2:248 (Yusuf Ali's translation)
وَقَالَ لَهُمْ نِبِيُّهُمْ إِنَّ آيَةَ مُلْكِهِ أَن يَأْتِيَكُمُ التَّابُوتُ فِيهِ سَكِينَةٌ مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ وَبَقِيَّةٌ
مِّمَّا تَرَكَ آلُ مُوسَى وَآلُ هَارُونَ تَحْمِلُهُ الْمَلآئِكَةُ إِنَّ فِي ذَلِكَ لآيَةً لَّكُمْ إِن كُنتُم مُّؤْمِنِينَ سورة البقرة ٢: ٢ ٤ ٨
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